National ID Strategy
In the last four years, the Government of Ethiopia has initiated various reform programs that have implications for improving the ease of doing business. One important pillar is the introduction of policies and legal frameworks governing the digital economy. Ethiopia’s move to the digital economy is accompanied by the promulgation of the Digital Ethiopia strategy, Electronic Transaction Proclamation, Personal Data Protection Proclamation as well as National ID Proclamation. National ID is the foundation on which all digital services and transactions can occur in a trusted framework. NID is led by a Program that is currently within the Office of the Prime Minister.
The National ID Program is working to enroll and provide Digital Identification to all residents in Ethiopia with the goal of providing advanced financial, social, public, and other services that identify a physical person using foundational individualizing mechanisms rather than functional ones. NIDP intends to issue Digital IDs to over 70 million citizens and residents in Ethiopia by the end of 2025.
Stakeholder Engagement Strategy
The National ID Program provides inclusive available services for every citizen and resident across the country. With a plan of creating a platform that engages all stakeholders involved, the National ID Program is open to onboard all interested stakeholders. However, priorities are set in some critical sectors such as the financial sector, civil service, education, social services, workforce management, and telecommunication based on the vital services they provide.
The National ID Program is working to sensitize and introduce the program to the public with Transparency as one of its core principles. The overall technical platform, legal and other documentation, business processes etc. are available to the public on the website and social media accounts. Regular awareness creation sessions will be conducted through direct interaction with different stakeholders while also usingferent media outlets to release information and guidelines for the public.
The National ID Program’s crucial stage is the registration and enrollment stage. This step is vital in determining other expected values of the service throughout the operation of the identification life cycle. The enrollment activity will be a cooperative responsibility with numerous stakeholders, involving contributions on different aspects. The National ID Program uses a computerized enrollment system with an online authentication strategy
Monitoring and Evaluation Strategy
The National ID is a five-year program established to issue a national-level robust digital identification service. The program has set milestones to achieve in these five years, hence its performic needs to be evaluated against these set milestones and objectives. The Monitoring and Evaluation strategy set forth by the National ID Program will be evaluating the performance of the program with set goals, verify achieved milestones, and mitigate cases of shortcomings.
The procurement approach has been sensible to technical standards and high-end quality. Accordingly, complex parts are purchased from global industry leaders including biometric hardware related SDK (Software Development Kit), ABIS (Automated Biometric Identification System), and most of the infrastructure level components at the back end are procured with an open and competitive procurement process. Vendor neutrality is a key principle that will not be ignored during procurements.
The National ID Program is working to provide a near real-time response for authentication and data sharing upon request from relying parties. The National ID Program follows a distributed approach for better efficiency and availability to manage the electronic digital authentication service. The program has placed a set of directives that regulate that data shared maintains the privacy principles set.
Technology plays a major role in the implementation of the National ID program, especially in the infrastructure of the Unique Identification Number. Existing infrastructure of data servers is being utilized for the Unique Identification Number database. The National ID Program has set up a network where the exchange of information between the Central System and Regional Repositories occurs.
The National ID Program has a mission to build a Sustainable Digital ID supporting all use cases for all Citizens and Residents by 2025